Hyperpigmentation is a condition where excess pigment is produced in the skin, resulting in a blotchy appearance. The condition ranges from simple freckling, to the more stubborn type known as Melasma.In this blog we discussed full process of Melasma Treatment Before After .The type of hyperpigmentation you have depends on what caused it. Here we will review the different types of hyperpigmentation, and then the most advanced treatment options available today for correcting it.
In the skin care industry, different terms are used for hyperpigmentation that results from specific causes. The following is a list of the commonly known types, along with a description of each:
- Freckles: Yes, even freckles are a type of hyperpigmentation. They result from a pattern of melanin production that is genetic or inherited.
- Melasma: This is hyperpigmentation from hormonal causes. The hormones can come from oral or injected birth control, pregnancy, or menopause. It appears in a typical pattern across the forehead and upper cheek bones. It also tends to be darker and more difficult to treat, usually because the patient is still being exposed to the source of hormones.
- Age-Spots: This form is usually from environmental damage by UV rays. The reference to it’s being age-related is due to the fact that it appears after many years of exposure to the sun.
- Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): This is the result of trauma to the skin. It can be from a cut or abrasion, acne, or professional skin care treatments that are done improperly.
Here is a review of the most popular options in the skin care industry for treating Melasma Laser Treatment :
- Topical skin lightening products: These are skin care products that contain ingredients known as tyrosinase inhibitors. Tyrosinase is an enzyme in the body that is necessary for production of melanin in the cell. These ingredients can be synthetic or chemically produced, or they can be taken from natural sources. This is the most common form of treatment used by skin care professionals, because it is the only one that specifically works on tyrosinase and how melanin is produced. It also happens to be the most affordable. Effectiveness depends entirely on the quality of the product, such as type of tyrosinase inhibitors, strength of ingredients, and rate of penetration. Creams must be able to penetrate to the basal layer of the epidermis where melanocytes live. Remember, since treatment will be ongoing to prevent hyperpigmentation from recurring, choose products that are safe for long-term use. Only natural tyrosinase inhibitors are safe and free of side-effects. The synthetic tyrosinase inhibitor known as hydroquinone is not recommended for use exceeding 3 months. If you have been using it, try to wean yourself off of it and onto natural tyrosinase inhibitors.
- Chemical peeling: This treatment is performed by skin care professionals and should only be done in their facility. There are varying depths of this treatment, and careful evaluation of each patient should be done before a depth of treatment is decided upon. Because of a possible complication of stimulating more melanin production, careful evaluation should be done to determine depth of treatment and proper skin-prepping steps to take. This treatment is effective for hyperpigmentation, but should be an add-on to treatment with topical skin lightening products. By itself, peels will not prevent hyperpigmentation from recurring. Prices typically range from $150 to $1000, depending on depth of treatment and whether you see an aesthetician or doctor.
- Laser treatments: There are various types of laser treatments for hyperpigmentation. As with deeper chemical peels, not everyone will be a good candidate for this deeper treatment. It is the most expensive form of treatment, costing an average of $2,500. With any form of pigmentary hyperpigmentation, the recurrence rate is approximately 50%.Topical treatments should accompany laser treatments to prevent recurrence.
Based on level of effectiveness, safety, and cost, topical skin lightening products prove to offer the best benefits for everyone. The best way to correct hyperpigmentation and maintain results is by affecting tyrosinase activity in the cell. However, not all products are created equal. Effective products must be from a professional product line, or something that would only be available through a licensed skin care professional. But not every professional skin care line will be completely effective.